Check current requirements with the nearest Tanzanian High Commission, embassy or consulate, or your travel agent. Visas, if required, can be bought on arrival at all international airports and overland borders.
The national language is Kiswahili but English is widely spoken and is the language of the tourist trade and other international businesses
English is widely spoken but a few words of Swahili can be useful and will be appreciated greatly by locals.
No vaccinations are currently required for entry into Tanzania when arrival is directly from North America or Europe. Visitors originating from or transiting through countries endemic with yellow fever (such as Kenya, Sudan, or Uganda),are required to produce valid yellow fever vaccination certificates at entry points. Visitors are advised to take anti-malaria tablets and make use of mosquito nets and insect sprays where provided. Malaria is endemic but is preventable: use insect repellent, cover up at sundown, sleep under a mosquito net and take anti-malaria prophylactics as advised by your doctor. Bring prescription medicines, spare glasses, contact lenses and solution as well as sunscreen, a first aid kit, cream for bites/stings and diarrhea remedy. HIV/Aids is widespread, especially in the main tourist areas.
Generally dry and hot with cool nights/mornings June-October; short rains November to mid-December; long rains March-May but the seasons can vary.
The coastal strip is hot and humid all year round. Temperatures on Mount Kilimanjaro and Meru drop to below freezing.
Pack lightweight tropical clothes, washable clothes plus a sweater for early morning game drives, as well as a sun hat, sunglasses cotton slacks, shirts, skirts, sunscreen. Long sleeves and trousers in light-colored fabrics help discourage insect bites. You can buy clothes in Dar es Salaam and Arusha or any other region. Shorts for women are acceptable (but not too short!). Women should carry a wrap to cover legs in the villages and towns as revealing clothes can cause offence, especially in Zanzibar and Moslem areas.
For climbing on Kilimanjaro or Meru, take thermal underwear, light layers, sweater, rain jacket, good socks and sturdy boots.
Visitors are advised to obtain travel insurance that would cover medical expenses among many other things. Take out travel insurance to cover loss of baggage or valuables, personal accident and medical expenses. Before departing from your country make sure that you are sufficiently covered.
The unit of currency is the Tanzania Shilling which is divided into 100 cents. Major foreign currencies – particularly US$ – and travelers cheques are accepted and are convertible at commercial banks and bureaux de changes in the main towns and tourist areas. Credit cards are accepted may carry poor exchange rates. Some banks in Arusha, Dar es Salaam and Moshi offer ATM facilities against international credit cards, Pls don’t change money in the street.
Tanzania is a generally safe country, but don’t invite temptation. Keep an eye on your belongings. Don’t walk in the towns or cities at night – take a taxi. Don’t carry cameras or large amounts of cash; beware of pickpockets. Use hotel safety deposit boxes to safeguard valuables and obtain a receipt. Leave valuable jewellery at home.
Bring film (especially slide film) and batteries for your camera with you. Protect your cameras from dust and keep equipment and film cool. It is courteous to ask permission before photographing local people. If you intend to take a lot of people pictures, be sure to bring an instant camera with you so that you can leave a picture with the people you photograph.